Do you have dry or wet eyes? It may be “Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD). AMD is a common eye condition that affects people as they get older. It is a progressive disease that damages the macula, a small central portion of the retina responsible for sharp, detailed vision needed for tasks such as reading and driving. There are two main types of AMD: “dry” and “wet.”
Dry AMD is the most common form and occurs when the cells in the macula gradually break down and waste away. Wet AMD occurs when new blood vessels grow under the retina and leak fluid, damaging the macula. Wet AMD is more advanced and can cause vision loss more quickly than dry AMD.
There is no sure way to prevent Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD), but there are steps you can take to reduce your risk. Some preventive measures include:
Eating a healthy diet: A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and omega-3 fatty acids has been shown to help reduce the risk of developing AMD. Some specific foods that may be beneficial include leafy greens, such as spinach and kale, as well as fish, nuts, and eggs.
Not smoking: Smoking is a major risk factor for developing AMD. Quitting smoking can help reduce your risk.
Protecting your eyes from UV light: Wearing sunglasses that block both UV-A and UV-B rays, as well as a wide-brimmed hat, can help reduce your exposure to harmful UV light.
Maintaining a healthy weight: Being overweight or obese has been linked to a higher risk of developing AMD. Maintaining a healthy weight through diet and exercise can help reduce your risk.
Controlling high blood pressure: High blood pressure has been linked to an increased risk of developing AMD. Controlling blood pressure through lifestyle changes and medication can help reduce your risk.
Regular eye exams: Regular eye exams can help detect early signs of AMD and ensure prompt treatment.
It’s important to remember that while these measures may help reduce your risk, they may not prevent AMD from developing. However, maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help preserve vision and slow the progression of the disease.
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